Pterygopalantine Fossa Hubs VR Room

Deployed: 9-3-2021



  • Review the location of the pterygopalatine fossa and the other regions of the cranium with which it communicates
  • Demonstrate the spatial relationships of the osteological features that compose the pterygopalatine fossa
  • Demonstrate the neurovasculature of the pterygopalatine fossa: origins and key branches

User Behavior

  • Individual exploration of the space immersed in VR during a scheduled lab station time
  • Faculty physically present to troubleshoot and answer content questions
  • Link to access the space on desktop, or VR if the students had their own devices, provided for personal use


As users enter the experience in VR they find themselves standing within a stylized pterygopalatine fossa. When looking down in any room they could see the directions of medial, lateral, anterior, and posterior labeled for reference and orientation. A reference skull users can grab and manipulate using their hand controllers demonstrated the location of the pterygopalatine fossa. Audio and text prompts directed students to progress through the experience where the room state changed to label the osteological features, display the arterial system, the cranial nerves, the autonomic nerves, and finally a summary of all the neurovasculature within the pterygopalatine fossa.

Outside Assets

The reference skull was modified in Medium by Kristen Ramirez after being downloaded from the WitmerLab Sketchfab page. This skull specimen (OUVC 10503) was CT scanned at OhioHealth O’Bleness Hospital in Athens, OH, under funding from NSF. It was previously published in 2008. Ryan Ridgely in WitmerLab did the 3D modeling using Amira and Maya.

Audio recordings and Video files were edited in Adobe Premiere and exported for the web. Image files were designed and composited in google draw. Large image files were compressed using for project optimization. For further optimization, when working with numerous assets, image files were collected into one model with an atlas texture in Blender.